STATES CHRONICLE – As we’re heading into a new era of space exploration, with people going to Mars in 2020, and more discoveries than ever being made due to new advances in technology, it’s not surprising that scientists are looking into things they’ve been studying for a long time, but had no way of actually testing. With new technology at their disposal, scientists have confirmed that monstrous baby galaxies form inside dark matter.
The whole Universe is shrouded in dark matter. And I’m not talking about the SyFy show, though you should probably watch that if you haven’t by now. Wherever nothing exists, dark matter can be found. It was speculated that the entire Universe was threaded along the dark matter web, a huge 3-D structure spanning… well, the Universe. With galaxies, and clusters of galaxies at every so-called knot, the dark matter web was said to contain basically everything.
Now, finally, with the help of their new Atacama Large Millimeter/sub millimeter Array telescope, or as the researchers very romantically named it, ALMA, scientists were finally able to confirm the way they had suspected for decades that galaxies were being formed. The findings confirm the idea that large galaxies are indeed formed at the center of large dark matter accumulations.
Another important discovery was that the enormous elliptical galaxies, ancient galaxies that have calmed over time, were also born inside these nexuses in the dark matter web. Usually, these galaxies are too dim to be observed, but with the new ALMA telescope, which offers ten times the sensitivity and 60 times the resolution of previous imaging attempts, scientists were finally able to observe them.
With ALMA’s help, the researchers were able to observe a cluster of these monstrous baby galaxies being born in a loop of dark matter. This has finally confirmed one of the most difficult theories to prove, allowing scientists to get some observational ground under their decades of theorizing.
The discovery also helps the researchers to better understand the relationship between dark matter and galactic formation, as well as other links between the dark matter web and our universe. Alma has also proven to be of invaluable use and along with the Event Horizon Telescope will take its place as one of the most important pieces of technology in the history of astronomy.
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