STATES CHRONICLE – A new challenge for scientists became the development of an aquatic species map. The plan is to manage to create a map which will contain every marine species identified in the waters of every western stream and river in the US. A lot of researchers are working hard on this project being bound to develop the first Aquatic Environmental DNA Atlas until next summer.
Dan Isaak, who is a fisheries biologist with the US Forest Service, is prone to coordinate the study. He argued that this mapping project will be extremely useful for taking an important decision regarding land management. What is more, the new project will also help specialists analyze their resources for a better coordination of their money.
Isaak claimed that the existence of a biodiversity map would represent the cornerstone paper of any biologist. Transforming all the data into digital materials will come in handy to scientists who want to develop any study based on the development of aquatic species. Researchers who participate in the study will give their best to find all the species, thus keeping the records and conserving them.
Annual surveys are bound to provide necessary information to scientists who want to analyze the evolution of the ecosystems and several species year after year. All these changes could help them determine more data about the environment and how could this affect the evolution of aquatic animals.
Regarding the vast scale of the project, it is possible that researchers will find useful the help of resident scientists to collect samples from every species. The map is predicted to include all the species starting with insects and even registering river otters.
All these could become possible due to a new technology which will identify all the species living in a particular river by analyzing water samples and searching for DNA. The same method can be used to determine invasive species.
Michael Schwartz, the Forest Service’s director of the National Genomics Center for Wildlife and Fish Conservation in Missoula, Montana, argued that this technology proved to be extremely useful so far. Thus, scientists can determine one species in a water sample. The primary purpose is to help the development of this technology so they could detect more species from a single sample.
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