Electric Eels are Equipped with Taser-like Functions which allow the dangerous predators of South America to unleash an intense electrical shock to clobber their hapless prey, new research reveals.
At the same time, this zap is not utilized only to daze other fish. Latest studies demonstrate that the eels use it to have some sort of remote control over their prey. As a result, fish that may be undercover would start having automatic muscle contractions which would make them visible to eels, as well as quite unable to move.
The study suggests that eels developed the ‘Taser’ soon in their development, according to scholar Kenneth Catania of Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, who was behind the research published on Thursday in the Journal of Science. The study uncovers exactly what effects the eel’s zap has on target prey.
Through lab tests, the scientists revealed the manner in which electrical releases remotely affect the prey’s neurons, or nerve cells controlling muscles.
In the midst of the hunting process, the eels intermittently send off two high-voltage beats divided by a 2 millisecond stop. This causes some sort of automatic spams in close-by future victims, the study found.
Since the eels are exceedingly aware of water movements they can locate the motion produced by the spams and spot the other fish’s position. The eel then stuns the victim with a high-voltage shock that blocks the prey and forces it to get automatic muscle constriction – much like a Taser. A Taser conveys 19 high-voltage beats every second while the electric eel creates 400 beats every second.
The researchers also discovered the scaleless Amazonian fish is fit for high-voltage releases sufficiently solid to weaken a fully grown stallion – not the smaller water horse, but the 1,000-pound land warm blooded animal. All the more particularly, the laboratory experiments found that the normal six-foot eel can create approximately 600 volts of power.
This most recent study offered researchers one of the deepest insides available so far into the eel’s arsenal. Also the scientists were fascinated by the way that the eel makes use of weaker electric beats to place its prey – similarly to bats or dolphins using echolocation. Detailed scientific information on the how exactly the study was carried out is available in the Journal of Science.