STATES CHRONICLE – Although society and technology are advanced enough for pregnant women to be taken care of, it looks like home birth is safe for low-risk pregnancies too.
The times when everyone was giving birth at home with the help of a midwife are long gone. Nowadays, most women give birth in a hospital. After being monitored during the pregnancy the doctor also helps them give birth in a hospital bed, with nurses around and everything completely sterilized. Moreover, in case something goes wrong you can always have the option to get a C-section if necessary.
However, there are many women who choose to give birth at home. The reasons are various: they believe it to be more natural or they want to be in the comfort of their home or maybe they are afraid of hospitals and doctors, although the last reason might not be a very good one to choose home birth.
All in all, women just call a midwife to help them give birth at home and according to scientists, that’s not necessarily bad. A study published in the journal of the Canadian Medical Association shows that the risks of giving birth at home are similar to the ones you might experience giving birth in a hospital.
The team of researchers who conducted the study compared over 3 years, an equal number – 11 493 – planned hospital births and planned home births in Ontario, Canada. They were looking to determine what are the birth risks, in both cases, for women with low-risk pregnancies.
The study participants were both women who previously gave birth as well as first-time mothers. According to the study risk of neonatal death or stillbirth were low for home births and not very different from risks of hospital births.
Stillbirth and neonatal death did occur in home births for 1,15 per every 1000 compared to 0,94 in hospital births. Therefore, the difference is indeed very small. The only problem seems to be that if a mother is in need of emergency medical care while giving birth, it would be more difficult and time-consuming to receive it, compared to what would happen if she would be already at the hospital.
On the other hand, there are some upsides to home birth such as breastfeeding more and for a longer time and undergoing fewer obstetrical interventions which helps women have spontaneous vaginal birth.
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