STATES CHRONICLE – A team of anthropologists revealed a limestone engraving dating back 38,000 years ago. The discovery was made in a rock shelter in the southwest of France. The new findings will help scientists assess how people back there were living. A rock shelter represents an opening similar to a cave, located at the base of a cliff. Some researchers may call it abri, crepuscular cave or rock house.
The newly revealed engraving represents one of the ancient hand engraved images which was found in Western Eurasia. Engraving depicts a practice of carving into a hard surface by cutting ridges into it. Randall White is an anthropologist from New York University and also the leader of the team conducting the excavation in Vezere Valley France.
He claims that the discovery reveals more data about regional patterns used in ornamentation and art across Europe during a period when the first modern people who reached Europe scattered northward and westward across the continent. The newly developed study unveils more details about an Aurignacian culture which was predominant among modern humans who lived 43,000 to 33,000 years back.
The engraving revealed at site Abri Blanchard represents the image of a white cow surrounded by a row of dots. The carving was found in the first part of the twentieth century. In 2011, anthropologists started a systematic analysis of the newly revealed site and managed to obtain the remaining deposits in 2012. Scientists are now able to tell more about the society living back then by analyzing the limestone engraving of an image of aurochs.
By examining this piece of art, researchers can identify the beliefs, lives, and minds of the individuals living back in that era. White stated that after these groups of people had departed from Africa, some modern humans settled in the western and central area of Europe, outlining that there is a significant similarity when it comes to graphic expression, determining local characteristics to stand out.
White also noted that the pattern revealed fits the one in the social, geographical models. There, ornamentation and art stand as representatives for the identity of local social groups. Before excavating Abri Blanchard, White and his team had first excavated Abri Castanet. That site was considered to be one of the oldest ones in Eurasia containing artifacts which born human symbolism.
Image courtesy of: wikipedia