If you thought women spend too much time obsessing about themselves, a now study will prove you wrong. New research on narcissism based on decades of data provided by half a million subjects uncovered that men top women when it comes to narcissism
For the research, which is distributed in the diary Psychological Bulletin, scientists from the University at Buffalo School of Management, NY, examined the gender contrasts in narcissism across more than 300 “diary articles, theses, books and specialized manuals. Per total, the study reviewed 30 years of research and over 475,000 subjects.
Specifically, the specialists concentrated on three aspects of narcissism: entitlement, grandiose/exhibitionism and leadership/authority.
The biggest discrepancies between genders in the study was in entitlement, according to the authors. They claim this recommends that men are more prone than women to use others and that they feel they have the right to specific privileges. The second biggest discrepancy was in leadership/authority, which drove the scientists to note that men display more yearning for power than women.
Nevertheless, there was no huge gender gap concerning exhibitionism, which proposes that men and women are prone to be similarly as vain or self-absorbed.
Reviewing data from university students from 1990 to 2013, the group reports it discovered no confirmation of either gender getting more or less narcissistic over the long haul.
Past studies have uncovered that personality contrasts like narcissism are associated with expectations and gender stereotypes. Case in point, lead author Emily Grijalva, PhD, associate professor of org and human resources, contends that the absence of women in executive positions could be partially caused by discrepancies in perceiving femininity and authority.
Grijalva explained her theory:
“Individuals tend to observe and learn gender roles from a young age, and may face backlash for deviating from society’s expectations. In particular, women often receive harsh criticism for being aggressive or authoritative, which creates pressure for women, more so than for men, to suppress displays of narcissistic behavior.”
In 2014, another narcissism study was released, led by Brad Bushman, professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State University. Accordingly, narcissism is an issuer for both individual and society. The individuals who perceive themselves as extraordinary don’t attempt to improve themselves. Also, the study noted that narcissism is not good for society either because individuals who are only concerned with their own person and their own particular interests are less likely to help others.
Bushman and associates at the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy came up with a test for narcissism that comprised basically of one inquiry: “To what extent do you agree with this statement: ‘I am a narcissist.'”
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