NASA is gathering world wide science specialists in order to start a never before project that will look for forms of life beyond our solar system.
The new project goes under the name of The Nexus for Exoplanet System Science trough which NASA is hoping to obtain more information about exoplanets, their components and how its surrounding planets and star are participating in life support.
This scientific approach brings together a team of top researchers in order to provide an in depth approach in the discovery of the planets that present the highest chances of supporting life. The search for exoplanets is not of great interest just for astronomers but also for climate and planetary researchers, explained an expert from the Planetary Science Divison of NASA, Jim Green.
The study dealing with exoplanets revolving around other stars is somehow new.
The Kepler Telescope, launched by NASA has only started to work six years ago and since then up to 1,900 exoplanets have been discovered and other 4,000 space bodies are waiting for the confirmation whether they are exoplanets or not.
The definition of an exoplanet, stands for a planet that exists outside our solar system and which orbits a star based on a system like our own.
Now, researchers have upgraded their search and are aiming to find out if on any of these planets there is life, or at least if there is a chance for life.
The search for other types of life forms has started ever since the ‘70s when was released the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, but the first exoplanet that was discovered revolving around a star similar to the sun was made 10 years ago. It was named 51 Pegasi B which after studies has been categorized as a hotter version of Jupiter that orbits its star at a close distance.
The first step of the promising project is to analyse the quantity of stars that are hosting planets orbiting them.
Basically planetary experts will apply their knowledge into researching the planets existing beyond our solar system while Earth specialists will offer their knowledge to compare the conditions on those planets with the ones from Earth.
Helyophysics experts will base their studies on observing the Sun and its relationship with the planets in the system. This information will help them understand better how things are functioning in the stars from different systems.
The final analysis will be conducted by astrophysicists who will apply this information on the exoplanets to complete the study.
NASA officials stated that even though humans may never reach any of the exoplanets with the present technology, this new initiative will provide them the answer to the never ending question: “Are we the only ones in the Universe?”.
NASA doesn’t hold back and promises that in maximum 20 years they will find life in the outer space.
Image Source: imgbuddy