A Norwegian vessel will explore climate-related Arctic Ice problems. The Lance ship is going to be sailed by the Norwegian Polar Institute towards the Arctic ice top, north of Svalbard. The boat is expected to freeze and passively float surrounded by ice in the following six months.
The Lance cruised out from Tromsø on Wednesday and will, for the following few days, pass the Barents Sea heading 83 degrees north of Nordaustlandet of the Svalbard Archipelago.
The Polar Institute expects the boat to freeze and then float towards southwest. However, it is very difficult to estimate exactly the direction of the ship. Ice scientists on board expect to be freed from the ice shell sometime in late-spring.
Boat ice-floating is very popular with Norwegians. One of the first attempts took place from 1893 to 1896 by the famous explorer Fritdjof Nansen. His expedition with a vessel called Fram aimed at reaching the North Pole. The ship was frozen north of Siberia and then drifted pushed by the natural east-west current of the Arctic ice cap. But Nansen never reached North Pole.
While, floating in the ice, the polar scientists will examine the latest layers of ice with the specific end goal achieve a better insight on sea ice dynamic in the Arctic region. By analyzing this ice pattern, the researchers hope to discover more about the Arctic’s impact on nearby and worldwide climate frameworks.
Expedition leader, Harald Steen wrote a blog entry regarding the trip on the Norwegian Polar Institute’s website. According to the researcher, once the ship has frozen, his team will unload a wide variety of equipment on the ice. Throughout the following months, bikes, lightweight sheds, ice drills and tent will serve as exploration stages in excess of 20 analysts of different nationalities
Recent years have shown an increase in ice melting and first-year ice division in the North Pole, along with a decrease of the multilayer ice. The Arctic region has seen the most dramatic temperature rise worldwide. Climate shifts and its effect on the Arctic is a top study priority for the 20 scientists who will utilize the Lance as an examination instrument.
During these six months researchers will measure snow and ice depth and the carbon dioxide levels of the water. Likewise, the marine environment, radiation, weather-related parameters, ice activity are different subjects to be examined.
Image Source: Barents Observer