Pets bring so many benefits to humans when it comes to their mental and emotional health but these benefits come also with certain diseases they can infect us with.
A new research released by experts from Canada, has showed few of the diseases pets could transmit to their owners. This doesn’t mean people should stop having pets but they should know that not every human matches with every species of animals and should take that into consideration when getting a pet.
Those most exposed to risks are elderly people, children, people with weak immune system and pregnant women.
For example, if a family is dealing with a member whose immunity is compromised they should stay away from puppies or kittens no matter how cute and irresistible they are. A young animal is no different than a child, and it can catch and spread microbes very easily.
People in this situation would be safer if they would get an adult animal which presents lower chances of carrying around these germs, explained veterinarian Jason Stull the lead author of the research.
There are over 70 diseases that can be transmitted from an animal to a human. This type of microbes are called zooneses.
Reptiles and amphibians have become very popular animals to have as pets, but many owners are unaware of the fact that they are Salmonella carriers. Parents shouldn’t allow children to play with this kind of pets as they are compromising their health.
Cats and dogs can spread around Campylobacter jejuni, which is an organism that provokes acute diarrhea, fever and abdominal pain among other symptoms.
Another factor to take into consideration is that pets can get infected from certain human bacteria which they could spread to other humans.
Most of the people do not know the health dangers of owning a pet. Parents consider that a pet would cheer up the situation if one of their children is sick, but the truth is that it would endanger their condition even more.
Doctors should make a habit in asking the family whether there is an animal in the house when dealing with a sick person and veterinarians should inform people on the health risks presented by a certain pet. The animals in cause are not the main reason for people getting sick, however in certain cases people need to be more attentive.
There are some rules that animal owners should follow religiously and the first one is to always wash your hands after touching an animal or their environment.
Cats should be kept indoors and their litter box changed every day, with gloves on.
Don’t allow your pet to drink water from puddles or other unsanitary places.
Teach them that it is wrong to lick the face of humans.
Trim the nails of cats and avoid getting scratched.
Stay away from reptile pets, rodents or baby chickens as they are Salmonella carriers.
The research was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
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