STATES CHRONICLE – Scientists argue that the southern and the southeastern part of Europe are currently facing the terrible effects of global warming. This part of the continent is bound to encounter even tougher conditions due to droughts and heatwaves which will frequently happen, being more intense. On January 25, the European Environment Agency warned the continent about the upcoming effects of climate change.
Global warming is fueling severe and frequent flooding, as well as heat waves, severe storms, and droughts, affecting the entire continent while global temperature records indicate outrageous numbers. In the Arctic, sea ice melts causing a sea level rise worldwide. Unfortunately, global temperatures reach a high record for the third year in a row in 2016. The increase of temperatures reached extreme peaks, including unparalleled heat in India and severe ice melt in the Arctic.
The EEA reported that climate-related events account for economic losses estimated at approximately 400 billion euros in all countries which are members of EEA from 1980 to 2013. During this period, there were registered more than 140 million deaths. The report also proved that all European areas are defenseless when it comes to climate change. However, some areas will be more affected than others.
The new report has also included data about the southern and southeastern part of Europe which was designated as being the hotspot of global warming, being more likely to face the highest number of extreme impacts. This region has lately started to experience some severe changes, facing extreme heat and substantial reduction of river flows and rainfall. Thus, the risk of droughts has also increased, causing forest fires, biodiversity loss, and crop yields.
The EEA claimed that floodplains in the western areas and coastal regions of Europe were also listed as hotspots due to the fact that they face high flooding risks and a hypothetical increase in storm surges. Nevertheless, some areas in Europe might expect positive outcomes from global warming, like flourishing agriculture conditions for the Northern countries.
However, climate specialists state that more sectors and areas will be negatively impacted. Even if researchers claim that this year temperatures might not set a new record again due to the fading of El Nino, heat-trapping gasses coming from fossil fuels will keep damaging our atmosphere.
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