STATES CHRONICLE – A new research shows that obese or overweight people with type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of developing brain abnormalities. Obesity is known for triggering several health problems. When coupled with type 2 diabetes, it might lead to malformations of the brain. The findings of the study were published in the journal Diabetologia.
Previous studies have shown that obesity and type 2 diabetes can independently adverse effects on several organs, even on the brain. Until now, no study demonstrated the effect of these two conditions combined. Type 2 diabetes can affect the brain and increase the risk of dementia.
Obesity can worsen the metabolic abnormalities that are usually caused by type 2 diabetes. This is why these two conditions can make even more damage when coupled. Thus, the researchers decided to investigate the possible effects they might have on the brain.
Researchers focused on people who received a diabetes diagnose less than five years ago. They chose participants who did not receive insulin treatment. and were aged between 30 and 60. Then, they divided these people into two subgroups.
In the first group, there were 50 overweight people who also had type 2 diabetes. The second group contained people with diabetes but with a healthy weight. In the end, they selected 50 people who neither suffered from type 2 diabetes nor from obesity. This constituted the last group. The focus was on the brain abnormalities that were developed by people suffering from both conditions.
The scientists used MRI tests, psychomotor tests, and cognitive assessments. Afterwards, they observed that the temporal lobe was affected at people who suffered from both type 2 diabetes and obesity. Thus, brain abnormalities were present only in people with both conditions.
Since their temporal lobe is more vulnerable, these people with both conditions can also have an increased risk of Alzheimer’s. This is supported by previous studies, which linked this disease with impairment in the temporal lobe. Thus, this also explains the connection between type 2 diabetes, obesity, and dementia.
“These findings suggest that weight status may play additive roles in type 2 diabetes-related brain and cognitive alterations,” stated the researchers.
What is your opinion about this study? Do you have any acquaintances suffering from type 2 diabetes and obesity? Let us know in the comments.
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