A new paper has found that getting people to join programs that promote healthy diets and daily physical exercises can either prevent or delay type 2 diabetes for patients with an increased risk of developing the metabolic disease.
Public health experts from the Community Preventive Services Task Force, an independent non-profit organization that serves to offer recommendations regarding community health and prevention methods, looked at 53 previously conducted studies that took place somewhere between the years of 1991 and 2015.
They ended up examining 66 different promotion programs that presented various combinations of diet and physical exercises, and concluded that such programs are effective in reducing how many new cases of diabetes health experts stumble upon.
Dr. Patrick L. Remington, MD, MPH and paper co-author, gave a statement saying that “If you exercise and eat better, you’ll reduce your risk of developing diabetes”. He quickly went on to add that the problem is that when you simply tell someone to adopt healthier diets and spend more time exercising, they typically don’t listen.
This is exactly why patients benefit from participating in promotion programs. They get to work directly with trainers or providers who help them change their lifestyle. People are given time to adjust to the change as any given promotion program lasts for at least three (3) months, a period during which the trainer offers their patient coaching, counseling and support.
On top of everything, some of these programs also provide patients with a nutritionist that sets them on a tailor-made diet and a physiotherapist. They are also exposed to exercise programs and given specific weight-loss goals that they would have never thought of or adopted if they were left to their own devices.
Dr. Ethan Balk, lead author and expert from Brown University (Providence, Rhode Island), gave a statement of his own informing that the people who are most at risk of developing type 2 diabetes are the kids, teen and adults who are either overweight or obese, as well as the people with a sedentary lifestyle.
The promotion programs examined for the paper were primarily targeted at teens and adults who were diagnosed with “pre-diabetes”, which means that their blood sugar levels were already elevated, but that they were not elevated enough yet for a type 2 diabetes diagnosis
The results of the analysis showed that these community based programs do in fact help people get rid of extra pounds, lower their blood sugar levels, manage their cholesterol markers, and diminish the risk of them developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
As an added bonus, the public health experts from the Community Preventive Services Task Force also noticed that these promotion programs are cost effective. Half of the subjects had to pay less than $653 for the service, and primary-case programs and group based programs were even cheaper than that.
Dr. Remington stressed that this approach is more cost effective than most of the things health experts do, but he also pointed out that it does cost something and it’s not for those looking to save some money. If you decide to join, however, the reward will be “many years of healthy life gained”.
The paper was published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.
Image Source: thesolanaclub.com