Scientists have discovered something potentially revolutionary – an exercise mimicking compound. Goodbye gym? Well, maybe not. At least not yet. The compound has yet to be tested in humans, but the scientists say that it could slim down both the obese, and the chances of them getting diabetes.
It’s the dream of everyone to lose weight without any exercise. But, sadly, if this compound will work on humans, it will do so only for those of us who are already obese. So unless you are obese, or are planning to get really, really fat in the near future, this is not for you. Except if you’re willing to get obese just to lose weight afterwards, which I’m sure is not as good as it sounds.
Still, a research made at the Southampton University in Britain has uncovered that a new molecule, called compound 14, which acts upon human cells by making them think they have no more energy to consume. The science behind this is that the compound impairs ATIC, an enzyme which is key to the signals of insulin within the body. This triggers the over buildup of ZMP, the thing that determines your metabolism. ZMP makes cells think they have no more energy and that starts their energy censor. This thing, called AMPK makes the cells compensate and increase their metabolism and intake of glucose.
Complicated? Yes. Should such a chain reaction frighten us? No. Although it sounds so sciency that we may thing it’s some kind of genetic mutation taking place, there is nothing of the sort. In fact, the same process takes place every time we exercise. This new compound is all about making the cells think that we are exercising while we are probably enjoying a pint of beer on the couch.
Sounds amazing. But will it work for humans?
Hard to say. Scientists have, up until now, made their experiment on mice. How did they test this on mice? Well, they had two groups. The first were mice being fed a normal diet. The second were being fed a high fat version.
Yes. Basically, they made mice obese. Anything for the sake of science, right? Next, the scientists gave the compound to each group and monitored the effects. While for the normal group, nothing happened, for the second fatty filled mice, something extraordinary took place.
A single dose lowered the blood glucose to normal. In seven days, they had lost a whole 5% of their weight. Fascinating, right?
If the tests will prove equally successful on humans, diabetes and obesity could soon be a thing of the past.
Image source: sciencenews.org