The Fongoli chimps have shown to have instincts related to humans. Female chimps living in Senegal are hunting with the use of weapons, new study shows.
A new study on chimps has shown that female chimpanzees from Senegal, are involved in hunting for food in a unexpected manner, they use hunting weapons to capture their prey method similar to what early human ancestors used offering scientists a new perspective.
Doctor Pruetz and her team have observed around 30 chimps, belonging to the Fongoli area.They noticed that the alpha males had caught around 70% of the food and their tactics was mostly chasing and catching the prey with their bare hands.
What is particular about the Fongoli chimps is the fact that they are the only apes that are using weapons to hunt. The tools they are using are made form tree branches. They take the branches that are changed and adjusted to their needs, by taking away the leaves and smaller branches.
Chimps, like humans, are omnivorous, meaning they are eating everything, from fruits, to plants to insects and small animals. In this case, the animals hunted down by female chimps are bush babies. Bush babies are small primates that are nocturnal and during the day they are spending their time half asleep in the dense trees, being the perfect victim for the chimps.
Female chimps track them down poke and stab them with the tools, until they get out of their place and they bit their head off.
Doctor Pruetz believes that females have been the ones who have invented this type of hunting. Usually female chimps have to carry around their babies, on their back or on their belly, so chasing prey would be quite impossible, meaning that they had to become more inventive and find a way that would work for them.
This hasn’t been seen in other chimps but the ones from Fongoli, Senegal and researchers believe that this is something established by their community.
For example, in Fongoli chimps, if female or an inferior male hunts an animal, the alpha male would let them have it, while in other chimp communities the alpha male would take away their prey, even though in the end the food would be shared. Stealing the prey, happens around 25% of the cases.
The same study has been conducted in 2007, where scientists noticed that chimps were using tools to capture their prey and were the first animal species to do so, after humans.
The latest study has brought more evidence about chimps hunting with tools, stated anthropologist Craig Stanford from the University of Southern California.
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