New astronomic studies reveal that countless planets could be support life forms, some even closer to Earth than previously thought. The Kepler Space Telescope, which was propelled by NASA to search for Earth-like planets that circle different stars, has found a new star with three planets that might support life. The orbiting bodies are marginally bigger than our own ‘blue dot’. Fascinatingly, the furthest planet is circling in a purported tenable zone where the surface temperatures are thought to allow fluid water and potentially life forms.
Named EPIC 201367065, the star is a cool red M-dwarf about half the mass and size of our Sun and is placed 150 light years away, making it one of the main 10 closest stars that are thought to have orbiting planets.
The nearness of the star moreover implies that it is sufficiently bright to allow researchers to study the climates of the planets circling it to see whether these extraterrestrial bodies, which are between 1.5 times to twice the measure of Earth have environments that are similar to the Earth’s or if these are able to support life forms.
Despite the fact that the structures of these newfound planets are still obscure, Erik Petigura, from the University of California, Berkeley, said that there is the likelihood that much the same as the Earth, the external planet is rough and this implies that it could have the appropriate temperature that would allow for fluid water seas.
Having the possibility to observe the planets as they circle bright and close-by stars, the space experts who discovered them are excited about studying these planets through the Hubble Space Telescope and different observatories to establish the components of their atmospheres.
On the off chance that the Hubble Telescope discovers that these planets have thick and hydrogen-rich climates, this would imply that there are very little odds of fostering life.
Ian Crossfield, a cosmologist from the University of Arizona, main author behind the current research noted that numerous extrasolar planets found by the Kepler Mission are concealed by thick, hydrogen-rich atmospheres that are most likely inconsistent with life. However, he also said that nature is brimming with surprises such as the flimsy climate made of nitrogen and oxygen that has permitted life to flourish on Earth. The study was submitted to the Astrophysical Journal.
Another study, led by astrophysicists from the University of Toronto suggests that a vast number of planets outside our planetary group could support alien life. Their conclusion came after finding that these planets have day-night cycles like Earth. Basically, exoplanets also spin around stars.
Generally, researchers thought exoplanets constantly appear in the same side of their star because they circle in sync with it. This implies one side is continually facing the star, while the other is in a never-ending cold night. Discoveries from the most recent research indicate these planets are more Earth-like than once believed.
Image Source: Space Ref