STATES CHRONICLE – More species are added to the unfortunate list implying their decline, as puffins, turtle doves and other birds face extinction across the globe. For multiple reasons, the bird population has been in rapid decline that seems to be driven even lower.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUNC) has started upgrading its database of species that have seen a decline in recent years. There are varied degrees of extinctions, and for 2015, various birds are not doing well. According to the IUNC, 40% of their species around the world have been in a rapid and worrying decline.
The numbers have grown significantly, doubling to 8 total species edging toward global extinction just from the United Kingdom. This is after another 14 species are considered to be ‘Near Threatened’. Meaning a continuous drop will see to some eradicated, while the others could be following in suit at some point in the future.
The Atlantic puffin is among the few who have received a dreaded ‘upgrade’ on the IUNC’s Red List, now listed as ‘Vulnerable’. It’s population around the world remains in millions, yet large declines have been recorded. This has been especially noted in Iceland, Faroe Islands, and Norway, the three nations which account for 80% of the birds’ total population.
Significant declines in their most populated areas mean that their numbers could be facing a worrying drop toward eradication.
The turtle dove has seen to severe decline for unknown reasons across all over Europe. In the past 16 years, their population has seen to a 30% decrease in numbers. This decline has earned them the status of ‘Vulnerable’ as well. In the U.K., this unknown consequence has been particularly pronounced, with 9 out of 10 birds lost.
Among the four to have recently been added to the Red List are the Slavonian grebe, also listed as ‘Vulnerable’, and the pochard. Many more birds have followed the unfortunate trend this year. According to conservation expert, Martin Harper, the U.K. has taken the brunt of the situation, seeing a “staggering erosion” of their population.
Several have been moved to ‘Vulnerable’, while others have seen to an “upgrade” to ‘Near Threatened’. The threat of extinction and decline in population have been more prominent in the tropics, but now the same crisis seems to be touching European shores.
There’s now an added risk aimed at seabirds (puffin, razorbill), wading birds (godwits, curlew, oystercatcher, knot, lapwing), and marine ducks (common eider, velvet scooter, long-tailed duck).
Image source: environmental-watch.com