When thinking about supermassive black holes, most imagine some huge dangerous forces attracting anything that falls into their magnetic field. But space experts are presently finding that they may play a part in galaxy development, too.
Chris Harrison, from The Center for Extragalactic Astronomy at Durham University in the U.K. was reported explaining that this time the scientists wanted to see the dynamics of black holes in common galaxies. He clarified that all most past observations focused on cosmic systems that are especially brilliant when seen through radio telescopes and are rather uncommon.
Employing the National Science Foundation’s Very Large Array (VLA), Harrison and his group found shockingly energetic activity in what had been beforehand seen as an uninteresting galaxy. This finding, in what is known as the Teacup Galaxy, has given space experts some new info about the impact of a supermassive black hole on a galaxy. The lead-researcher further noted:
“Amazingly, even though the black holes are around the billionth the size of the galaxies that they live in, they are still capable of injecting massive amounts of energy across the whole galaxy. This energy leads to gas being heated and driven out at incredible speeds.”
The most common types of galaxies are spiral and elliptical. Spirals are exceptionally vaporous and have actively developing stars, while elliptical ones have a lot less gas and star activity.
Cosmologists suspect that huge elliptical galaxies started as star-shaping cosmic systems, with supermassive black holes ejecting strong jets that can move or discard matter required for further star development. The Teacup- located about 1.1 billion light years away- appears to be a curved galaxy undergoing its shift from a star-structuring galaxy.
According to the researchers the black hole’s jets are most likely charged particles that combine with the gas, much like a water cannon hitting a swarming crowd. Basically, the black hole starts a huge storm in the middle of the galaxy. The VLA radio telescope uncovered that the Teacup displays some sort of radio bubbles spanning for 30,000 to 40,000 light years at the center along with smaller ones, about 2,000 light years in size. The VLA uncovered that the jets are accelerating the gas at up to 621 miles every second.
This led Harrison to believe that the supermassive black holes might have a role in galaxy formation. He suspects that even the Milky Way might have been helped to develop by the black hole situated at its core.
Nonetheless, it is difficult to prove because the galaxies were supermassive black holes are alleged to have had a role in are “dead” with next to zero stars developing.
Harrison further remarked that the Teacup cosmic system is only the first “radio quiet” system the group observed through the VLA, and that they are at present trying to monitor some others.
Image Source: NASA