STATES CHRONICLE – Based on the recent findings, scientists advise you should switch to low-nicotine cigarettes to quit smoking. The effects of lower levels of nicotine have been noticed during the recent experiment that researchers have conducted on a period of six weeks.
Medical experts have used various methods to convince smokers to quit self-destructive habits over the course of years. It seems they were doing it all wrong because the cigarettes contained the same levels of nicotine and this substance is the only one that can have a strong impact on smokers.
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health wanted to provide the U.S. Food and Drug Administration a solid ground to reduce chemicals in tobacco-based products. For this reason, they have gathered a group of 840 respondents and asked them to smoke regular cigarettes or scientifically altered cigarettes with different levels of nicotine.
Some cigarettes contained 15.8 milligrams of nicotine/1g of tobacco, others had reduced levels of 5.2 mg, 2.4 mg and 0.4 mg. The best results were registered among users, who smoked cigarettes with reduced levels of nicotine, whereas those who smoked regular brands saw no improvement at all, according to researchers.
Smokers with very low levels of nicotine went from 21.3 cigarettes per week to only 16.5 cigarettes. At the end of the experiment, respondents were asked to refrain from smoking for a period of 18 hours. Smokers, who have seen the greatest reduction of cigarette consumption also had fewer cravings. In addition, 35 percent of them decided to go through a quitting program as opposed to the 17 percent in the category of strong cigarette consumers.
In spite of the promising results that the new research has had, scientists at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration have not been impressed. They believe the study should be conducted on a longer period in order for the findings to be taken into consideration. In their opinion, the correct period for a similar research should be of at least six months.
Investigators suggest people to avoid commercial brands as the latter use the same levels of nicotine with improved filter. The mind has learned itself to trick the filter and smokers take deeper breaths to obtain the same intake of nicotine, scientists have explained. The new method presupposing very low levels of nicotine is much more effective because the brain cannot evade it.
The study was published in the Journal of Medicine, New England.
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